Temple of Octavia

This represents one of the best preserved examples of roman architecture. During its initial construction phase, the temple was Doric with six columns on its façade with stone foundations, very possibly on a three-stepped crepidoma. The shrine was surrounded by a wall to the west and stoas to the north and south.


Towards the end of the 1st c. A.D., the early temple was replaced by a new marble one, of the Corinthian order, with 6 x 12 columns surrounding it on a high pedestal. It included a long cella and a pronaos with two columns in antis, preceded by a staircase.



The architrave of the eastern side bore a Latin inscription with inlaid, bronze letters. The rectangular shrine of the temple was surrounded by stoas. The temple was probably dedicated to the cult of the Triad of the Capitol (Jupiter, Juno, Minerva) or to the cult of the imperial family, while according to Pausanias, it was a place of worship of Octavia, the sister of Octavian Augustus.