Trade, the driving force of the economy

Corinth grew into a great commercial power thanks to its geographical position near the Isthmus. Using the ship road known as the Diolkos and the city’s two ports, Lechaion and Kenchreai, it could control trade both on land and at sea. Corinth’s market places, workshops and ports were frequented by ship owners, merchants, pedlars and many craftsmen. There was a great demand for many Corinthian products, such as textiles, olive oil and the local poros limestone. Corinthian pottery had flooded the markets, and in particular the aryballos, a tiny vessel used to store perfume. Amphoras were also playing an important role in the transportation of products. Filled with olive oil, wine and salted foods, they were loaded onto ships for travelling throughout the Mediterranean Sea.